Scientific name – Helianthus annuus
When the seeds are processed with their husks on they are first dried and then may be roasted or dusted with salt or flour for the preservation of their flavour. The husk is commonly removed in the mouth by cracking with ones teeth and spitting out the shell, while keeping the nutritious kernel in the mouth. Sunflower seeds are commonly eaten as a healthy snack as well as being included in bread mixes, used as garnishes or as an ingredient in various recipes. Seeds can also be sprouted and used in salads, however eating old sunflower seeds can lead to stomach upsets or even more serious problems. The raw seeds have a semi-crunchy texture and a rather oily taste which is improved by dry roasting fora short period.